05/19/2010 00:00:00


Dubrovnik truly is astunningcity with itsamazingOld Town, which became a UNESCO WorldHeritagesite in 1979.

Around a town centre you can cross in ten minutes. And it is just this thatdrawsthe visitors every summer: Dubrovnik's self-contained centre in its smooth medieval stone glory, and thesheerblue of the clear Adriatic immediately below. The Old Town and its many sights (including the well-preserved city walls along which you can walk) is the main sight of Dubrovnik. If you are visiting in the summer, do not miss the world-renowned Dubrovnik Summer Festival, with music, theatre and dance performances. The version of Hamlet on Lovrijenac Tower is magical.

The Stradun, also called Placa, runs from Pile Gate to Ploce Gate. The paving stones were laid in 1468. At one end (at Pile Gate) is the OnofrioFountainwhilstat the other end is the Orlando Column, a favourite meeting place for locals. The city walls were originally constructed in the 10th century, althoughfortifiedconsiderably in 1453. They are 3m thick along the sea wall, and 6m thick inland. The Old Town hasfortressesat its four corners, which are the Minceta Tower , Revelin Fortress, St John's Fortress, and Bokar Bastion.

Sponza Palace

Constructed in 1522 - a survivor of the 1667 earthquake - the Palace has had a variety of uses over the centuries, including where the Republic of Ragusa minted its currency. These days, it houses the city archives upstairs whilst downstairs is used forexhibitionsand during the Summer Festival. It also houses a permanent exhibition named "Memorial Room of the Dubrovnik Defenders", a memorial to those Dubrovnik citizens who lost their lives during the war between 1991 and 1995.

Onofrio's Large Fountain (Great Onofrio Well)

Originally constructed in 1438 by Italian architect Onofrio della Cava, the fountain waspartiallydamaged in the 1667 earthquake and further during the war in 1992. The fountain was part of the city's water mains constructed in the 15th century which brought water from the Dubrovacka River 12km away.

Franciscan Monastery

Includes a calmingcloisterfrom 1360, the main party of the monastery was destroyed in the earthquake of 1667 and was rebuilt. The monastery also contains what is thought to be the oldestpharmacyin Europe , from 1316/7.

Church of St Blaise

A Baroque church, built between 1705 and 1717, which features a silverstatueof the Dubrovnik patron saint on thealtar, holding a model of the city, which is brought out each year during the Festival of St Blaise. The stained glass windows of the church are relatively recent, having been added in the 1970s.


The cathedral currently standing dates from 1673, designed by Roman architect Andrea Buffalini to replace the original 12th century cathedral which was destroyed by the earthquake. The cathedral includes a Assumption Of Our Lady/The Virgin painting that has been assumed to have been painted by Titian. The Treasury of the cathedral is home to the skull of St Blaise which has beenencasedin a jewel-encrustcrown. Another earthquake in 1979 saw cause to digdrainsbeneath the cathedral; theseexcavationsuncovered a Romanesque cathedral beneath the current one. Further digging, uncovered another church underneath this one.

 " http://www.visit-croatia.co.uk/

Vocabulary Exercise

He is the man who organizes the ..... in this museum.
  • exhibit
  • exhibiting
  • exhibitions
It is the most ..... city I have ever seen in my life. It is amazing.
  • stunning
  • revolting
  • disgusting
The walls of the castle were ..... against an attack.
  • cleaned
  • painted
  • fortified
The stone ..... in the garden are the work of local sculptor.
  • statues
  • status
  • states
A ..... should be large enough to handle large amounts of water.
  • divine
  • drain
  • dry

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