Haiti'de Yardım İçin Çalışanlar Kurtulanları Google Earth'den İzliyor - Haiti Aid Workers Use Google Earth to Map Survivors

03/05/2010 12:22:55

Haiti aid workers use Google Earth to map survivors

Rory Carroll, Latin America correspondent, and agencies

guardian.co.uk, Thursday 4 March 2010 10.18 GMT

Aidworkers in Haiti are using Google Earth to track the needs of earthquakesurvivorsin hundreds of makeshift camps,pioneeringa technique which could be used in future emergencies.

Reliefteamslog onto Google Earth from camps and upload information about water, food, shelter and population movements, providing aninstantsnapshot, along with global positioning, of conditions on the ground.

The information isfeedintowww.cccmhaiti.info, with a link to maps of many of the 414 settlement camps and tent cities whichhost600,000 people left homeless by the 12 January quake.

 "The humanitarian agencies have somecatching upto do when it comes to things like Skype andhandheldemail," aid Alex Wynter, a Red Cross spokesman in Haiti. "But in thebasecamps, we're connected and disaster relief is going online." 

Mapping experts started the project shortly after the magnitude 7.0 quake devastated Port-au-Prince and killed, according to the government, more than 230,000 people. Theyteamed upwith civil engineers and Haitian geographers who knew localboundariesand street names.

Over a normal Google Earth screen of Haiti, blue spots show where Haitians have settled. Some are named by street,zoneorlandmark, and others are simply numbered as "IDP" internally displaced persons camps.

When a blue spot is clicked an information box appears giving a site'slongitudeandlatitude,communeand estimated number of families and individuals. The details are updated regularly so that,in theory,charitiesand government officials canforeseeaidshortfalls, and potential dangers such as landslides and floods.

 "It is the first time a tool of suchsophisticationhas beendeployedin such short order by humanitarian actors after a major emergency," said Jean-Philippe Chauzy, a spokesman for the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), which teamed up with Google and the UN and humanitarian information body, iMMAP, on the project.

Aid workers hope it will speed a relief effortdoggedby poor co-ordination between multiple charities, UN agencies and government efforts.

There arein the new system, making navigation sometimes cumbersome. Information must be harmonised, said Brian Kelly, an IOM official involved in the project. "That's the next logical step." 

The idea was to identify needs and to give policymakers and ordinary people a clearer view of relief efforts. "It gives you a quick snapshot: 'Hey, look, there's no water there,'" Kelly said.

 "A lot of time and effort goes into logistics. If you don't know what's coming, where to take it, you are in trouble. We need to understand, not in month three but in week two, where people have moved and what their conditions are. This is going tocut througha lot of bureaucracy." 

Google did not comment. A UN spokeswoman, Elisabeth Byrs, praised the company for delivering images so quickly after the earthquake, first by satellite and then enhanced by shots from the ground.

Aid agencies hope the maps will help identifyrefugesfrom thelooming, rainy season, which is expected to bring floods and landslides.

1 kişi tarafından oylandı. Ortalama: 5,00


0 Yorum
Yorum Yaz Soru Sor

Konu hakkındaki yorumunuz