Direct Method

05/28/2010 16:20:09

DIRECT METHOD

  • How does the teacher start the lesson?

Greets the students.

  • How is the movement of the teacher in the classroom?

Walks around the classroom.

  • Are the students active or passive?

Active. They are less passive than in GTM.

  • Does the teacher use real objects, pictures etc?

Yes.

  • Does the teacher correct student mistakes? How?

Yes. By saying the student try again. By repeating. This kind of correction is self-correction.

  • Does the teacher gives rules explicitly or implicitly?

Implicitly. The teacher does not give the rules. Try to make the students learn the rules implicitly.

  • Does the teacher use L1 or L2 as classroom language?

L2. Target language is the classroom language. Native language is never used in the classroom.

  • Is the teacher friendly?

Yes.

  • Which skill does the teacher heavily emphasize?

Speaking and writing. Pronunciation.

  • Which language area is more emphasized? Grammar or vocabulary?

Vocabulary. There is no deductive teaching of grammar.

  • Does the teacher provide the learners with enough examples and exercises?

Yes.

  • Does the teacher emphasize pronunciation?

Yes. Pronunciation is very important. If students have more mistakes the teacher wants them to repeat.

  • For which level or age group do u think this method can be appropriate and for what purpose?

All ages.

Reviewing the principles

 
The principles of each approach are organized below by answering the ten questions. Not at all the questions are addressed by each approach. All the questions, however, are listed so that it'll be easier for you to make comparisons among the approaches.
 
  • What are the goals of teachers who use methods based on this approach?

How to use language communicatively. The teacher's goal is to make the students think in target language.

 
  • What is the role of the teacher? What is the role of the students?

Students are also involved. They have the chance to ask questions to their peers or teacher. Teacher directs the lesson. Both students and teacher act like partner through the lesson.

 
  • What are the characteristics of the teaching / learning process?

Students need to associate the meaning and the target language directly.

 
  • What is the nature of students - teacher interaction? What is the nature of student - student interaction?

Both sides. Sometimes the teacher and sometimes the students.

a) no transition takes place

b) real object: because in that method communicative language is important.

c) Instead of grammar sequences, there r topics and situations.

d) grammar is taught implicitly. The teacher never writes the rules of the grammar.

 
  • How are the feelings of the students dealt with?

There is no principle about this.

 
  • How is the language viewed? How is the culture viewed?

Speech is important. Spoken language is primary, not written language. Mostly target language studied in daily life. So culture is important.

 
  • What areas of language emphasized? What language skills are emphasized?

Vocabulary is emhasized over grammar. Oral communication - speaking is basic. Speaking, reading, listening, writing.

 
  • What is the role of the students' native language?

No role. Native Language should not be used in the classroom

 
  • How is the evaluation accomplished?

1. Fill in the blanks

2. There could be also a written evaluation

3. There could be an oral / a spoken exam. Evaluation is based on oral.

 
  • How does the teacher respond to students' errors?

Self-correction. The teacher either repeats the wrong answer or gives an alternative.

Self-correction being requisites for self-sufficiency. The teacher must provide not only data but also explanation and reason for what can and cannot be said. Mistakes are a natural part of the learning process. They give the students chance to correct themselves. If the teacher jumps in immediately with a correction, an opportunity for real understanding is lost. The student can correct himself nothing more needs to be said. Self-correction is the best. If the student is not able to provide self-correction the teacher should invite other students in the class. Its essential concept is that the learner should understand the language directly.

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Oyla!

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