Bülbülü Öldürmek - To Kill a Mockingbird - Harper Lee

03/15/2010 19:14:07

To Kill aMockingbird

Bülbülü Öldürmek

Scout Finch lives with her brother, Jem, and theirwidowedfather, Atticus, in thesleepyAlabama town of Maycomb. Maycomb is suffering through the Great Depression, but Atticus is aprominentlawyer and the Finch family isreasonablywell offin comparison totherestof society. One summer, Jem and Scout befriend a boy named Dill, who has come to live in their neighborhood for the summer, and the trio acts out stories together. Eventually, Dill becomes fascinated with thespookyhouse on their street called the Radley Place. The house is owned by Mr. Nathan Radley, whose brother, Arthur (nicknamed Boo), has lived there for years withoutventuringoutside.

Scout goes to school for the first time thatfallanddetestsit. She and Jem find giftsapparentlyleft for them in aknotholeof a tree on the Radley property. Dill returns the following summer, and he, Scout, and Jem begin to act out the story of Boo Radley. Atticus puts a stop to theirantics,urgingthe children to try to see life from another person's perspective before making judgments. But, on Dill's last night in Maycomb for the summer, the three sneak onto the Radleyproperty, where Nathan Radley shoots at them. Jem loses his pants in theensuingescape. When he returns for them, he finds themmendedand hung over the fence. The next winter, Jem and Scout find more presents in the tree,presumablyleft by the mysterious Boo. Nathan Radley eventuallyplugsthe knothole withcement. Shortly thereafter, a firebreaks outin another neighbor's house, and during the fire someone slips a blanket on Scout's shoulders as she watches the blaze.Convincedthat Boo did it, Jem tells Atticus about the mended pants and the presents.

To theconsternationof Maycomb'sracistwhite community, Atticus agrees to defend a black man named Tom Robinson, who has been accused ofrapinga white woman. Because of Atticus's decision, Jem and Scout aresubjectedto abuse from other children, even when they celebrate Christmas at the familycompoundon Finch's Landing. Calpurnia, the Finches' blackcook, takes them to the local black church, where the warm andclose knitcommunity largelyembracesthe children.

Atticus's sister, Alexandra, comes to live with the Finches the next summer. Dill, who is supposed to live with his "new father' in another town, runs away and comes to Maycomb. Tom Robinson'strialbegins, and when the accused man is placed in the local jail, amobgathers tolynchhim. Atticus faces the mob down the night before the trial. Jem and Scout, who havesneakedout of the house, soon join him. Scout recognizes one of the men, and her polite questioning about his son shames him intodispersingthe mob.

At the trial itself, the children sit in the "colored balcony" with the town's black citizens. Atticus provides clear evidence that the accusers, Mayella Ewell and her father, Bob, are lying: in fact, MayellapropositionedTom Robinson, was caught by her father, and then accused Tom of rape to cover her shame and guilt. Atticus provides impressive evidence that the marks on Mayella's face are from wounds that her father inflicted; upon discovering her with Tom, he called her a whore and beat her. Yet, despite the significant evidence pointing to Tom's innocence, the all-white jury convicts him. The innocent Tom later tries to escape from prison and is shot to death. In the aftermath of the trial, Jem's faith in justice is badlyshaken, and helapsesintodespondencyanddoubt.

Despitetheverdict, Bob Ewell feels that Atticus and the judge have made a fool out of him, and hevowsrevenge. HemenacesTom Robinson's widow, tries tobreak intothe judge's house, and finally attacks Jem and Scout as they walk home from a Halloween party. Boo Radleyintervenes, however, saving the children andstabbingEwell fatally during the struggle. Boo carries the wounded Jem back to Atticus's house, where the sheriff, in order to protect Boo, insists that Ewelltripped overa treerootand fell on his own knife. After sitting with Scout for a while, Boo disappears once more into the Radley house.

Later, Scout feels as though she can finally imagine what life is like for Boo. He has become a human being to her at last. With this realization, Scout embraces her father's advice to practice sympathy and understanding and demonstrates that her experiences withhatredandprejudicewill notsullyher faith in human goodness.

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